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Introduction

Human rights are rights inherent to all people regardless of their nationality, race, place of residence, sex, religion, language, or any other cultural, economic or social condition. The ownership by all citizens of these rights, interrelated, interdependent and indivisible is necessary not only for achieving justice and peace in the world but also for the legal recognition and protection of human dignity, formed inherently by the possibility to exercise these equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family.

As it stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 10 December 1948, taking into consideration that the ignorance and contempt for these fundamental rights has originated acts of outrageous barbarism in the consciousness of mankind, its recognition and protection has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of man in the struggle for a world in which human beings, free from fear and misery, enjoy freedom of speech, freedom of belief and the rest of fundamental human rights inherent in their dignity.

 

Human rights are often proclaimed in the constitutions, guaranteed through treaties (including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, both of 19 December 1966), the customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. Similary, they are also developed in the laws of each country.

The research group has focused its research within the field of comparative law, specifically on the real substance of those rights, that is to say, those features without which these rights would be denatured. The analysis of the scope of these rights deals with the study and at the same time the criteria which can resolve possible collisions between fundamental rights themselves or between fundamental rights and other more generic legal concepts such as public order.

Currently the group  research work is focused on the study of the scope and limits of certain fundamental rights such as religious freedom, freedom of expression, freedom of education and freedom of association, and the issues that are related to them as well as relations between public authorities and religious powers within the necessary respect and recognition of fundamental rights.